man xtightvncviewer Command

Man page for apt-get xtightvncviewer Command

Man Page for xtightvncviewer in Linux

Ubuntu Man Command : man xtightvncviewer

Man Xtightvncviewer  Command

This tutorial shows the man page for man xtightvncviewer in linux.

Open terminal with 'su' access and type the command as shown below:
man xtightvncviewer

Result of the Command Execution shown below:

vncviewer(1)                       TightVNC                       vncviewer(1)



NAME
vncviewer an X viewer client for VNC

SYNOPSIS
vncviewer [options] [host][:display]
vncviewer [options] [host][::port]
vncviewer [options] listen [display]
vncviewer help

DESCRIPTION
vncviewer is an Xt based client application for the VNC (Virtual Net
work Computing) system. It can connect to any VNC compatible server
such as Xvnc or WinVNC, allowing you to control desktop environment of
a different machine.

You can use F8 to display a pop up utility menu. Press F8 twice to pass
single F8 to the remote side.

OPTIONS
help Prints a short usage notice to stderr.

listen
Make the viewer listen on port 5500+display for reverse connec
tions from a server. WinVNC supports reverse connections using
the "Add New Client" menu option, or the connect command line
option. Xvnc requires the use of the helper program vncconnect.

via gateway
Automatically create encrypted TCP tunnel to the gateway machine
before connection, connect to the host through that tunnel
(TightVNC specific). By default, this option invokes SSH local
port forwarding, assuming that SSH client binary can be accessed
as /usr/bin/ssh. Note that when using the via option, the host
machine name should be specified as known to the gateway
machine, e.g. "localhost" denotes the gateway, not the machine
where vncviewer was launched. See the ENVIRONMENT section below
for the information on configuring the via option.

shared
When connecting, specify that a shared connection is requested.
In TightVNC, this is the default mode, allowing you to share the
desktop with other clients already using it.

noshared
When connecting, specify that the session may not be shared.
This would either disconnect other connected clients or refuse
your connection, depending on the server configuration.

viewonly
Disable transfer of mouse and keyboard events from the client to
the server.

fullscreen
Start in full screen mode. Please be aware that operating in
full screen mode may confuse X window managers. Typically, such
conflicts cause incorrect handling of input focus or make the
viewer window disappear mysteriously. See the grabKeyboard set
ting in the RESOURCES section below for a method to solve input
focus problem.

noraiseonbeep
By default, the viewer shows and raises its window on remote
beep (bell) event. This option disables such behaviour
(TightVNC specific).

user username
User name for Unix login authentication. Default is to use cur
rent Unix user name. If this option was given, the viewer will
prefer Unix login authentication over the standard VNC authenti
cation.

passwd passwd file
File from which to get the password (as generated by the vnc
passwd(1) program). This option affects only the standard VNC
authentication.

encodings encoding list
TightVNC supports several different compression methods to
encode screen updates; this option specifies a set of them to
use in order of preference. Encodings are specified separated
with spaces, and must thus be enclosed in quotes if more than
one is specified. Available encodings, in default order for a
remote connection, are "copyrect tight hextile zlib corre rre
raw". For a local connection (to the same machine), the default
order to try is "raw copyrect tight hextile zlib corre rre". Raw
encoding is always assumed as a last option if no other encoding
can be used for some reason. For more information on encodings,
see the section ENCODINGS below.

bgr233
Always use the BGR233 format to encode pixel data. This reduces
network traffic, but colors may be represented inaccurately. The
bgr233 format is an 8 bit "true color" format, with 2 bits blue,
3 bits green, and 3 bits red.

owncmap
Try to use a PseudoColor visual and a private colormap. This
allows the VNC server to control the colormap.

truecolour, truecolor
Try to use a TrueColor visual.

depth depth
On an X server which supports multiple TrueColor visuals of dif
ferent depths, attempt to use the specified one (in bits per
pixel); if successful, this depth will be requested from the VNC
server.

compresslevel level
Use specified compression level (0..9) for "tight" and "zlib"
encodings (TightVNC specific). Level 1 uses minimum of CPU time
and achieves weak compression ratios, while level 9 offers best
compression but is slow in terms of CPU time consumption on the
server side. Use high levels with very slow network connections,
and low levels when working over high speed LANs. It's not rec
ommended to use compression level 0, reasonable choices start
from the level 1.

quality level
Use the specified JPEG quality level (0..9) for the "tight"
encoding (TightVNC specific). Quality level 0 denotes bad image
quality but very impressive compression ratios, while level 9
offers very good image quality at lower compression ratios. Note
that the "tight" encoder uses JPEG to encode only those screen
areas that look suitable for lossy compression, so quality level
0 does not always mean unacceptable image quality.

nojpeg
Disable lossy JPEG compression in Tight encoding (TightVNC spe
cific). Disabling JPEG compression is not a good idea in typi
cal cases, as that makes the Tight encoder less efficient. You
might want to use this option if it's absolutely necessary to
achieve perfect image quality (see also the quality option).

nocursorshape
Disable cursor shape updates, protocol extensions used to handle
remote cursor movements locally on the client side
(TightVNC specific). Using cursor shape updates decreases delays
with remote cursor movements, and can improve bandwidth usage
dramatically.

x11cursor
Use a real X11 cursor with X style cursor shape updates, instead
of drawing the remote cursor on the framebuffer. This option
also disables the dot cursor, and disables cursor position
updates in non fullscreen mode.

autopass
Read a plain text password from stdin. This option affects only
the standard VNC authentication.

ENCODINGS
The server supplies information in whatever format is desired by the
client, in order to make the client as easy as possible to implement.
If the client represents itself as able to use multiple formats, the
server will choose one.

Pixel format refers to the representation of an individual pixel. The
most common formats are 24 and 16 bit "true color" values, and 8 bit
"color map" representations, where an arbitrary map converts the color
number to RGB values.

Encoding refers to how a rectangle of pixels are sent (all pixel infor
mation in VNC is sent as rectangles). All rectangles come with a header
giving the location and size of the rectangle and an encoding type used
by the data which follows. These types are listed below.

Raw The raw encoding simply sends width*height pixel values. All
clients are required to support this encoding type. Raw is also
the fastest when the server and viewer are on the same machine,
as the connection speed is essentially infinite and raw encoding
minimizes processing time.

CopyRect
The Copy Rectangle encoding is efficient when something is being
moved; the only data sent is the location of a rectangle from
which data should be copied to the current location. Copyrect
could also be used to efficiently transmit a repeated pattern.

RRE The Rise and Run length Encoding is basically a 2D version of
run length encoding (RLE). In this encoding, a sequence of iden
tical pixels are compressed to a single value and repeat count.
In VNC, this is implemented with a background color, and then
specifications of an arbitrary number of subrectangles and color
for each. This is an efficient encoding for large blocks of con
stant color.

CoRRE This is a minor variation on RRE, using a maximum of 255x255
pixel rectangles. This allows for single byte values to be used,
reducing packet size. This is in general more efficient, because
the savings from sending 1 byte values generally outweighs the
losses from the (relatively rare) cases where very large regions
are painted the same color.

Hextile
Here, rectangles are split up in to 16x16 tiles, which are sent
in a predetermined order. The data within the tiles is sent
either raw or as a variant on RRE. Hextile encoding is usually
the best choice for using in high speed network environments
(e.g. Ethernet local area networks).

Zlib Zlib is a very simple encoding that uses zlib library to com
press raw pixel data. This encoding achieves good compression,
but consumes a lot of CPU time. Support for this encoding is
provided for compatibility with VNC servers that might not
understand Tight encoding which is more efficient than Zlib in
nearly all real life situations.

Tight Like Zlib encoding, Tight encoding uses zlib library to compress
the pixel data, but it pre processes data to maximize compres
sion ratios, and to minimize CPU usage on compression. Also,
JPEG compression may be used to encode color rich screen areas
(see the description of quality and nojpeg options above).
Tight encoding is usually the best choice for low bandwidth net
work environments (e.g. slow modem connections).

RESOURCES
X resources that vncviewer knows about, aside from the normal Xt
resources, are as follows:

shareDesktop
Equivalent of shared/ noshared options. Default true.

viewOnly
Equivalent of viewonly option. Default false.

fullScreen
Equivalent of fullscreen option. Default false.

grabKeyboard
Grab keyboard in full screen mode. This can help to solve prob
lems with losing keyboard focus. Default false.

raiseOnBeep
Equivalent of noraiseonbeep option, when set to false. Default
true.

passwordFile
Equivalent of passwd option.

userLogin
Equivalent of user option.

passwordDialog
Whether to use a dialog box to get the password (true) or get it
from the tty (false). Irrelevant if passwordFile is set. Default
false.

encodings
Equivalent of encodings option.

compressLevel
Equivalent of compresslevel option (TightVNC specific).

qualityLevel
Equivalent of quality option (TightVNC specific).

enableJPEG
Equivalent of nojpeg option, when set to false. Default true.

useRemoteCursor
Equivalent of nocursorshape option, when set to false
(TightVNC specific). Default true.

useBGR233
Equivalent of bgr233 option. Default false.

nColours
When using BGR233, try to allocate this many "exact" colors from
the BGR233 color cube. When using a shared colormap, setting
this resource lower leaves more colors for other X clients.
Irrelevant when using truecolor. Default is 256 (i.e. all of
them).

useSharedColours
If the number of "exact" BGR233 colors successfully allocated is
less than 256 then the rest are filled in using the "nearest"
colors available. This resource says whether to only use the
"exact" BGR233 colors for this purpose, or whether to use other
clients' "shared" colors as well. Default true (i.e. use other
clients' colors).

forceOwnCmap
Equivalent of owncmap option. Default false.

forceTrueColour
Equivalent of truecolour option. Default false.

requestedDepth
Equivalent of depth option.

useSharedMemory
Use MIT shared memory extension if on the same machine as the X
server. Default true.

wmDecorationWidth, wmDecorationHeight
The total width and height taken up by window manager decora
tions. This is used to calculate the maximum size of the VNC
viewer window. Default is width 4, height 24.

bumpScrollTime, bumpScrollPixels
When in full screen mode and the VNC desktop is bigger than the
X display, scrolling happens whenever the mouse hits the edge of
the screen. The maximum speed of scrolling is bumpScrollPixels
pixels every bumpScrollTime milliseconds. The actual speed of
scrolling will be slower than this, of course, depending on how
fast your machine is. Default 20 pixels every 25 milliseconds.

popupButtonCount
The number of buttons in the popup window. See the README file
for more information on how to customize the buttons.

debug For debugging. Default false.

rawDelay, copyRectDelay
For debugging, see the README file for details. Default 0 (off).

ENVIRONMENT
When started with the via option, vncviewer reads the VNC_VIA_CMD
environment variable, expands patterns beginning with the "%" charac
ter, and executes result as a command assuming that it would create TCP
tunnel that should be used for VNC connection. If not set, this envi
ronment variable defaults to "/usr/bin/ssh f L %L:%H:%R %G sleep 20".

The following patterns are recognized in the VNC_VIA_CMD (note that all
the patterns %G, %H, %L and %R must be present in the command tem
plate):

%% A literal "%";

%G gateway host name;

%H remote VNC host name, as known to the gateway;

%L local TCP port number;

%R remote TCP port number.

SEE ALSO
vncserver(1), Xvnc(1), vncpasswd(1), vncconnect(1), ssh(1)

AUTHORS
Original VNC was developed in AT&T Laboratories Cambridge. TightVNC
additions were implemented by Constantin Kaplinsky. Many other people
participated in development, testing and support.

Man page authors:
Marcus Brinkmann ,
Terran Melconian ,
Tim Waugh ,
Constantin Kaplinsky



August 2006 vncviewer(1)


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