man telnetd Command

Man page for apt-get telnetd Command

Man Page for telnetd in Linux

Ubuntu Man Command : man telnetd

Man Telnetd  Command

This tutorial shows the man page for man telnetd in linux.

Open terminal with 'su' access and type the command as shown below:
man telnetd

Result of the Command Execution shown below:

TELNETD(8)                BSD System Manager's Manual               TELNETD(8)

NAME
telnetd DARPA telnet protocol server

SYNOPSIS
/usr/sbin/in.telnetd [ hns] [ a authmode] [ D debugmode] [ L loginprg]
[ S tos] [ X authtype] [ edebug] [ debug port]

DESCRIPTION
The telnetd program is a server which supports the DARPA telnet interac
tive communication protocol. Telnetd is normally invoked by the internet
server (see inetd(8)) for requests to connect to the telnet port as indi
cated by the /etc/services file (see services(5)). The debug option may
be used to start up telnetd manually, instead of through inetd(8). If
started up this way, port may be specified to run telnetd on an alternate
TCP port number.

The telnetd program accepts the following options:

a authmode This option may be used for specifying what mode should be
used for authentication. Note that this option is only use
ful if telnetd has been compiled with support for authenti
cation, which is not available in the current version. The
following values of authmode are understood:

debug Turns on authentication debugging code.

user Only allow connections when the remote user can pro
vide valid authentication information to identify the
remote user, and is allowed access to the specified
account without providing a password.

valid Only allow connections when the remote user can pro
vide valid authentication information to identify the
remote user. The login(1) command will provide any
additional user verification needed if the remote
user is not allowed automatic access to the specified
account.

other Only allow connections that supply some authentica
tion information. This option is currently not sup
ported by any of the existing authentication mecha
nisms, and is thus the same as specifying valid.

none This is the default state. Authentication informa
tion is not required. If no or insufficient authen
tication information is provided, then the login(1)
program will provide the necessary user verification.

off This disables the authentication code. All user ver
ification will happen through the login(1) program.

D debugmode
This option may be used for debugging purposes. This allows
telnetd to print out debugging information to the connec
tion, allowing the user to see what telnetd is doing. There
are several possible values for debugmode:

options Prints information about the negotiation of telnet
options.

report Prints the options information, plus some addi
tional information about what processing is going
on.

netdata Displays the data stream received by telnetd.

ptydata Displays data written to the pty.

exercise Has not been implemented yet.

edebug If telnetd has been compiled with support for encryption,
then the edebug option may be used to enable encryption
debugging code.

h Disables the printing of host specific information before
login has been completed.

L loginprg This option may be used to specify a different login pro
gram. By default, /usr/lib/telnetlogin is used.

n Disable TCP keep alives. Normally telnetd enables the TCP
keep alive mechanism to probe connections that have been
idle for some period of time to determine if the client is
still there, so that idle connections from machines that
have crashed or can no longer be reached may be cleaned up.

s This option is only enabled if telnetd is compiled with sup
port for SecurID cards. It causes the s option to be
passed on to login(1), and thus is only useful if login(1)
supports the s flag to indicate that only SecurID validated
logins are allowed. This is usually useful for controlling
remote logins from outside of a firewall.

S tos Sets the IP type of service (TOS) option for the telnet con
nection to the value tos.

X authtype This option is only valid if telnetd has been built with
support for the authentication option. It disables the use
of authtype authentication, and can be used to temporarily
disable a specific authentication type without having to
recompile telnetd.

If the file /etc/issue.net is present, telnetd will display its contents
before the login prompt of a telnet session (see issue.net(5)).

Telnetd operates by allocating a pseudo terminal device (see pty(4)) for
a client, then creating a login process which has the slave side of the
pseudo terminal as stdin, stdout, and stderr. Telnetd manipulates the
master side of the pseudo terminal, implementing the telnet protocol and
passing characters between the remote client and the login process.

When a telnet session is started up, telnetd sends telnet options to the
client side indicating a willingness to do the following telnet options,
which are described in more detail below:

DO AUTHENTICATION
WILL ENCRYPT
DO TERMINAL TYPE
DO TSPEED
DO XDISPLOC
DO NEW ENVIRON
DO ENVIRON
WILL SUPPRESS GO AHEAD
DO ECHO
DO LINEMODE
DO NAWS
WILL STATUS
DO LFLOW
DO TIMING MARK

The pseudo terminal allocated to the client is configured to operate in
cooked mode, and with XTABS CRMOD enabled (see tty(4)).

Telnetd has support for enabling locally the following telnet options:

WILL ECHO When the LINEMODE option is enabled, a WILL ECHO or
WONT ECHO will be sent to the client to indicate the
current state of terminal echoing. When terminal echo
is not desired, a WILL ECHO is sent to indicate that
telnetd will take care of echoing any data that needs
to be echoed to the terminal, and then nothing is
echoed. When terminal echo is desired, a WONT ECHO is
sent to indicate that telnetd will not be doing any
terminal echoing, so the client should do any terminal
echoing that is needed.

WILL BINARY Indicates that the client is willing to send a 8 bits
of data, rather than the normal 7 bits of the Network
Virtual Terminal.

WILL SGA Indicates that it will not be sending IAC GA, go
ahead, commands.

WILL STATUS Indicates a willingness to send the client, upon
request, of the current status of all TELNET options.

WILL TIMING MARK Whenever a DO TIMING MARK command is received, it is
always responded to with a WILL TIMING MARK

WILL LOGOUT When a DO LOGOUT is received, a WILL LOGOUT is sent in
response, and the TELNET session is shut down.

WILL ENCRYPT Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for data
encryption, and indicates a willingness to decrypt the
data stream.

Telnetd has support for enabling remotely the following TELNET options:

DO BINARY Sent to indicate that telnetd is willing to receive an
8 bit data stream.

DO LFLOW Requests that the client handle flow control charac
ters remotely.

DO ECHO This is not really supported, but is sent to identify
a 4.2BSD telnet(1) client, which will improperly
respond with WILL ECHO. If a WILL ECHO is received, a
DONT ECHO will be sent in response.

DO TERMINAL TYPE Indicates a desire to be able to request the name of
the type of terminal that is attached to the client
side of the connection.

DO SGA Indicates that it does not need to receive IAC GA, the
go ahead command.

DO NAWS Requests that the client inform the server when the
window (display) size changes.

DO TERMINAL SPEED Indicates a desire to be able to request information
about the speed of the serial line to which the client
is attached.

DO XDISPLOC Indicates a desire to be able to request the name of
the X windows display that is associated with the tel
net client.

DO NEW ENVIRON Indicates a desire to be able to request environment
variable information, as described in RFC 1572.

DO ENVIRON Indicates a desire to be able to request environment
variable information, as described in RFC 1408.

DO LINEMODE Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for
linemode, and requests that the client do line by line
processing.

DO TIMING MARK Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for both
linemode and kludge linemode, and the client responded
with WONT LINEMODE. If the client responds with WILL
TM, the it is assumed that the client supports kludge
linemode. Note that the [ k] option can be used to
disable this.

DO AUTHENTICATION Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for
authentication, and indicates a willingness to receive
authentication information for automatic login.

DO ENCRYPT Only sent if telnetd is compiled with support for data
encryption, and indicates a willingness to decrypt the
data stream. issue.net(5)).

FILES
/etc/services, /etc/issue.net

SEE ALSO
telnet(1), login(1), issue.net(5),

STANDARDS
RFC 854 TELNET PROTOCOL SPECIFICATION
RFC 855 TELNET OPTION SPECIFICATIONS
RFC 856 TELNET BINARY TRANSMISSION
RFC 857 TELNET ECHO OPTION
RFC 858 TELNET SUPPRESS GO AHEAD OPTION
RFC 859 TELNET STATUS OPTION
RFC 860 TELNET TIMING MARK OPTION
RFC 861 TELNET EXTENDED OPTIONS LIST OPTION
RFC 885 TELNET END OF RECORD OPTION
RFC 1073 Telnet Window Size Option
RFC 1079 Telnet Terminal Speed Option
RFC 1091 Telnet Terminal Type Option
RFC 1096 Telnet X Display Location Option
RFC 1123 Requirements for Internet Hosts Application and Support
RFC 1184 Telnet Linemode Option
RFC 1372 Telnet Remote Flow Control Option
RFC 1416 Telnet Authentication Option
RFC 1411 Telnet Authentication: Kerberos Version 4
RFC 1412 Telnet Authentication: SPX
RFC 1571 Telnet Environment Option Interoperability Issues
RFC 1572 Telnet Environment Option

BUGS
Some TELNET commands are only partially implemented.

Because of bugs in the original 4.2 BSD telnet(1), telnetd performs some
dubious protocol exchanges to try to discover if the remote client is, in
fact, a 4.2 BSD telnet(1).

Binary mode has no common interpretation except between similar operating
systems (Unix in this case).

The terminal type name received from the remote client is converted to
lower case.

Telnetd never sends TELNET IAC GA (go ahead) commands.

The source code is not comprehensible.

Linux NetKit (0.17) December 29, 1996 Linux NetKit (0.17)


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