man tar Command

Man page for apt-get tar Command

Man Page for tar in Linux

Ubuntu Man Command : man tar

Man Tar  Command

This tutorial shows the man page for man tar in linux.

Open terminal with 'su' access and type the command as shown below:
man tar

Result of the Command Execution shown below:

TAR(1)                                                         BSD General Commands Manual                                                         TAR(1)

tar The GNU version of the tar archiving utility

tar [ ] A catenate concatenate | c create | d diff compare | delete | r append | t list | test label | u update | x extract
get [options] [pathname ...]

Tar stores and extracts files from a tape or disk archive.

The first argument to tar should be a function; either one of the letters Acdrtux, or one of the long function names. A function letter need not be
prefixed with `` '', and may be combined with other single letter options. A long function name must be prefixed with . Some options take a
parameter; with the single letter form these must be given as separate arguments. With the long form, they may be given by appending =value to the

Main operation mode:

A, catenate, concatenate
append tar files to an archive

c, create
create a new archive

d, diff, compare
find differences between archive and file system

delete from the archive (not on mag tapes!)

r, append
append files to the end of an archive

t, list
list the contents of an archive

test label
test the archive volume label and exit

u, update
only append files newer than copy in archive

x, extract, get
extract files from an archive

Operation modifiers:

[0 7][lmh]
specify drive and density

?, help
give this help list

a, auto compress
use archive suffix to determine the compression program

add file=FILE
add given FILE to the archive (useful if its name starts with a dash)

patterns match file name start

no anchored
patterns match after any `/' (default for exclusion)

atime preserve
preserve access times on dumped files, either by restoring the times

no auto compress
do not use archive suffix to determine the compression program

b, blocking factor BLOCKS
BLOCKS x 512 bytes per record

B, read full records
reblock as we read (for 4.2BSD pipes)

backup before removal, choose version CONTROL

C, directory DIR
change to directory DIR

check device
check device numbers when creating incremental archives (default)

no check device
do not check device numbers when creating incremental archives

display progress messages every NUMBERth record (default 10)

checkpoint action=ACTION
execute ACTION on each checkpoint

delay directory restore
delay setting modification times and permissions of extracted

no delay directory restore
cancel the effect of delay directory restore option

exclude files, given as a PATTERN

exclude caches
exclude contents of directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG,

exclude caches all
exclude directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG

exclude caches under
exclude everything under directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG

exclude tag=FILE
exclude contents of directories containing FILE, except

exclude tag all=FILE
exclude directories containing FILE

exclude tag under=FILE
exclude everything under directories containing FILE

exclude vcs
exclude version control system directories

f, file ARCHIVE
use archive file or device ARCHIVE

F, info script, new volume script NAME
run script at end of each tape (implies M)

force local
archive file is local even if it has a colon

g, listed incremental FILE
handle new GNU format incremental backup

G, incremental
handle old GNU format incremental backup

force NAME as group for added files

h, dereference
follow symlinks; archive and dump the files they point to

H, format FORMAT
create archive of the given formatFORMAT is one of the following:

GNU tar 1.13.x format

GNU format as per tar <= 1.12

POSIX 1003.1 2001 (pax) format

same as pax

POSIX 1003.1 1988 (ustar) format

old V7 tar format

hang for SECS seconds (default 3600)

hard dereference
follow hard links; archive and dump the files they refer to

i, ignore zeros
ignore zeroed blocks in archive (means EOF)

I, use compress program PROG
filter through PROG (must accept d)

ignore case
ignore case

no ignore case
case sensitive matching (default)

ignore command error
ignore exit codes of children

no ignore command error
treat non zero exit codes of children as error

ignore failed read
do not exit with nonzero on unreadable files

index file=FILE
send verbose output to FILE

j, bzip2
filter the archive through bzip2

J, xz
filter the archive through xz

k, keep old files
don't replace existing files when extracting

K, starting file MEMBER NAME
begin at member MEMBER NAME in the archive

keep newer files
don't replace existing files that are newer than their archive copies

l, check links
print a message if not all links are dumped

L, tape length NUMBER
change tape after writing NUMBER x 1024 bytes

filter the archive through lzma

filter the archive through lzop

m, touch
don't extract file modified time

M, multi volume
create/list/extract multi volume archive

force (symbolic) mode CHANGES for added files

set mtime for added files from DATE OR FILE

n, seek
archive is seekable

N, newer, after date DATE OR FILE
only store files newer than DATE OR FILE

newer mtime=DATE
compare date and time when data changed only

T reads null terminated names, disable C

no null
disable the effect of the previous null option

numeric owner
always use numbers for user/group names

O, to stdout
extract files to standard output

process only the NUMBERth occurrence of each file in the archive;

old archive, portability
same as format=v7

one file system
stay in local file system when creating archive

overwrite existing files when extracting

overwrite dir
overwrite metadata of existing directories when extracting (default)

no overwrite dir
preserve metadata of existing directories

force NAME as owner for added files

p, preserve permissions, same permissions
extract information about file permissions (default for superuser)

P, absolute names
don't strip leading `/'s from file names

pax option=keyword[[:]=value][,keyword[[:]=value]]...
control pax keywords

same as format=posix

same as both p and s

quote chars=STRING
additionally quote characters from STRING

no quote chars=STRING
disable quoting for characters from STRING

quoting style=STYLE
set name quoting style; see below for valid STYLE values

R, block number
show block number within archive with each message

record size=NUMBER
NUMBER of bytes per record, multiple of 512

recurse into directories (default)

no recursion
avoid descending automatically in directories

recursive unlink
empty hierarchies prior to extracting directory

remove files
remove files after adding them to the archive

disable use of some potentially harmful options

rmt command=COMMAND
use given rmt COMMAND instead of rmt

rsh command=COMMAND
use remote COMMAND instead of rsh

s, preserve order, same order
sort names to extract to match archive

S, sparse
handle sparse files efficiently

same owner
try extracting files with the same ownership

no same owner
extract files as yourself

no same permissions
apply the user's umask when extracting permissions from the archive (default for ordinary users)

show defaults
show tar defaults

show omitted dirs
when listing or extracting, list each directory that does not match search criteria

show transformed names, show stored names
show file or archive names after transformation

sparse version=MAJOR[.MINOR]
set version of the sparse format to use (implies sparse)

strip components=NUMBER
strip NUMBER leading components from file names on extraction

backup before removal, override usual suffix ('~' unless overridden by environment variable SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX)

T, files from FILE
get names to extract or create from FILE

to command=COMMAND
pipe extracted files to another program

print total bytes after processing the archive;

transform, xform EXPRESSION
use sed replace EXPRESSION to transform file names

U, unlink first
remove each file prior to extracting over it

unquote filenames read with T (default)

no unquote
do not unquote filenames read with T

give a short usage message

print file modification dates in UTC

v, verbose
verbosely list files processed

V, label TEXT
create archive with volume name TEXT; at list/extract time, use TEXT as a globbing pattern for volume name

print program version

volno file=FILE
use/update the volume number in FILE

w, interactive, confirmation
ask for confirmation for every action

W, verify
attempt to verify the archive after writing it

use wildcards (default for exclusion)

wildcards match slash
wildcards match `/' (default for exclusion)

no wildcards match slash
wildcards do not match `/'

no wildcards
verbatim string matching

X, exclude from FILE
exclude patterns listed in FILE

z, gzip, gunzip ungzip
filter the archive through gzip

Z, compress, uncompress
filter the archive through compress

The behavior of tar is controlled by the following environment variables, among others:

Backup prefix to use when extracting, if suffix is not specified. The backup suffix defaults to `~' if neither is specified.

Options to prepend to those specified on the command line, separated by whitespace. Embedded backslashes may be used to escape whitespace
or backslashes within an option.

TAPE Device or file to use for the archive if file is not specified. If this environment variable is unset, use stdin or stdout instead.

Create archive.tar from files foo and bar.
tar cf archive.tar foo bar
List all files in archive.tar verbosely.
tar tvf archive.tar
Extract all files from archive.tar.
tar xf archive.tar

tar(5), symlink(7), rmt(8)

The tar command appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.

The GNU folks, in general, abhor man pages, and create info documents instead. Unfortunately, the info document describing tar is licensed under
the GFDL with invariant cover texts, which makes it impossible to include any text from that document in this man page. Most of the text in this
document was automatically extracted from the usage text in the source. It may not completely describe all features of the program.

Sep 20, 2010

Related Topics

Apt Get Commands